Job analysis is an important part of human resource management and the initial step in the recruitment and selection process. It provides an indication of the skills and qualifications required for each position. Work Analysis is a process by which each job is systematically documented.
Work analysis is an important issue for every organization. Work analysis is the primary step in the process of human resource mobilization and selection. Generally speaking, the method or technique by which a complete idea about the work of a particular position can be obtained is called work analysis. Through this, the functions related to the position and position and the necessary elements like education, knowledge, skill, sense of responsibility, personal qualities etc. of the employee are known in that work environment. That is to say, work analysis is a kind of special program through which the work against a particular position and the worker performing it can gain complete knowledge about a component. Different experts have different opinions about the work analysis:
Gary Dessler :Job analysis the procedure through which you determine the duties of these positions and the characteristies of people who should be hired for them.
Edwin B Flippo : Job analysis is the process of studying & collecting information relating to the operations and responsibilities of a specific job.
Mr. J. Jaciaus : It is a process of discussing the works, work handling or organizing for the
purpose of job specification.
Mathis & Jackson : It is a systematic investigation of the tasks, duties and responsibilities of a job.
The basic idea about function analysis is found in the present description-
=>> Perfect idea about work
=>> The overall characteristics, capabilities and qualities of the employee and
=>> A description of the environment required to perform the task.
Ultimately, it can be said that job analysis is a special method by which one can get a perfect idea about the knowledge, qualifications, skills, experience and other human qualities required for the performance of the job along with the description of the relevant terms. As well as descriptions of work range and work environment. In a word, the process by which an employee can know what to do and how to do it for a particular position is known as job analysis.
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